Geragogy: The Science of Education for Older Adults

Geragogy: The Science of Education for Older Adults

What is geragogy?

Geragogy is a branch of pedagogy that focuses on the education of older adults. It takes a holistic approach to education, considering the physical, mental, social, cultural, and spiritual aspects of aging.

Goals of geragogy:

  • To help older adults cope with the challenges of daily life.
  • To improve the quality of life for older adults.
  • To maintain the active participation of older adults in society.
  • To promote the empowerment and development of older adults.
  • To address the specific needs of older adults in the fourth age, who may face challenges related to mobility and dependency.

Functions of education for older adults:

  • Instrumental functions: Education helps to solve problems and deal with difficult life situations.
  • Social and cultural-civilizational functions: Education becomes a lifestyle and a way to experience old age.
  • Auxological functions: Education provides an opportunity for development, stimulating personality changes and preventing atrophy.

Methodology of geragogy:

  • Focuses on the autonomy of the older person, their will, and their subjective needs.
  • Provides older adults with the opportunity to independently and critically evaluate their own lives and experiences.
  • Stimulates activity and reflectiveness in older adults.

Types of geragogy programs:

  • Programs for older adults who want to learn.
  • Programs for educators who teach older adults.

Benefits of geragogy:

  • Better coping with everyday life problems.
  • Higher quality of life.
  • Increased activity and social engagement.
  • Personal and spiritual development.

In conclusion, geragogy is an important field of study that helps older adults live full and meaningful lives.

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